On Nov. 2, Texans will see eight state propositions on their ballot. Voters can either vote for or against each proposition, which are proposed amendments to the Texas Constitution that originated in the state Legislature.

To make sure you are prepared at the polls, we broke down what each proposition means and what it would do if they passed.

Proposition 1:

The constitutional amendment authorizing the professional sports team charitable foundations of organizations sanctioned by the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association or the Women’s Professional Rodeo Association to conduct charitable raffles at rodeo.

What that means: HJR 143 proposes a constitutional amendment expanding the circumstances in which a professional sports team charitable foundation can conduct raffles to raise money for the foundation’s charitable purposes.

Proposition 2:

The constitutional amendment authorizing a county to finance the development or redevelopment of transportation or infrastructure in unproductive, underdeveloped, or blighted areas in the county.

What that means: HJR 99 proposes a constitutional amendment that would allow the legislature to authorize a county to issue bonds or notes to finance the development or redevelopment of an unproductive, underdeveloped, or blighted area, and to pledge for repayment of those bonds or notes increases in property tax revenues imposed on property in the area by the county.

Proposition 3:

The constitutional amendment to prohibit this state or a political subdivision of this state from prohibiting or limiting religious services of religious organizations.

What that means: SJR 27 proposes a constitutional amendment barring Texas or a political subdivision from enacting, adopting, or issuing a statute, order, proclamation, decision, or rule that prohibits or limits religious services.

This would apply to religious services, including those conducted in churches, congregations and places of worship, in the state by a religious organization established to support and serve the propagation of a sincerely held religious belief.

Proposition 4:

The constitutional amendment changing the eligibility requirements for a justice of the supreme court, a judge of the court of criminal appeals, a justice of a court of appeals and a district judge.

What that means: SJR 47 proposes a constitutional amendment changing certain eligibility requirements for these positions such as qualifications and state residency for a certain period.

Proposition 5:

The constitutional amendment providing additional powers to the State Commission on Judicial Conduct with respect to candidates for judicial office.

What that means: HJR 165 proposes a constitutional amendment allowing the State Commission on Judicial Conduct to accept complaints or reports, conduct investigations and take any other authorized action with respect to a candidate for a state judicial office. Currently, the Texas Constitution only permits the SCJC to take such actions as to persons holding a judicial office.

Proposition 6:

The constitutional amendment establishing a right for residents of certain facilities to designate an essential caregiver for in-person visitation.

What that means: SJR 19 proposes a constitutional amendment establishing that residents of certain facilities have the right to designate an essential caregiver with whom the facility may not prohibit in-person visitation.

This would apply to a nursing facility, assisted living facility, intermediate care facility for individuals with an intellectual disability, residence providing home and community-based services or state supported living center.

The proposed amendment also would authorize the legislature to provide guidelines for these facilities to follow in establishing essential caregiver visitation policies and procedures.

Proposition 7:

The constitutional amendment to allow the surviving spouse of a person who is disabled to receive a limitation on the school district ad valorem taxes on the spouse’s residence homestead if the spouse is 55 years of age or older at the time of the person’s death.

What that means: HJR 125 proposes a constitutional amendment permitting a person aged 55 or older at the time of death of their spouse who is receiving a limitation on school district property taxes on their residence homestead on the basis of a disability to continue receiving the limitation while the property remains the surviving spouse’s residence homestead.

Proposition 8:

The constitutional amendment authorizing the legislature to provide for an exemption from ad valorem taxation of all or part of the market value of the residence homestead of the surviving spouse of a member of the armed services of the United States who is killed or fatally injured in the line of duty.

What that means: SJR 35 proposes a constitutional amendment authorizing the legislature to exempt from ad valorem taxation all or part of the market value of the residence homestead of the surviving spouse of a member of the United States armed services who is killed or fatally injured in the line of duty.

The Texas Constitution provides a property tax exemption to the surviving spouse of a member of the armed services who is killed in action, but the current exemption does not include members of the military who die during their service due to injuries sustained that are not combat-related.

This story comes to us from our news partner, Patch.com.

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